Description: A fern commonly found throughout Europe in moist woodlands. Distinctive upright shuttlecock shaped fern leaves emerge in spring and a a lovely fresh green as they unfurl. The dark green leaves in summer look superb in a shaded woodland setting. These large leaves then turn coppery in autumn for further interest.
Uses: Good in moist woodland situations or shaded borders. Lovely with other woodland plants and with evergreen ferns
Climate/Position: Partial shade
Height/Spread: up to 1.2 metre x 1 metre
Soil Requirements: Moist soils, humus rich to retain moisture
Pruning: Cut back old fronds in winter so that the shoots unfurling in spring can be seen.
Special Requirements: Plant into well prepared soil with added compost. Mulching with additional well rotted compost in subsequent years is advantageous.